Tech Tip: Amal Premier Pilot Jets & Tunning (All You Need To Know)
So you purchased a new Amal Premier carburetor and noticed that your classic motorcycle is running too rich or too lean on the pilot circuit
Before you panic you need to know and understand a few things before you throw in the towel..
This symptom of a lean or rich condition is quite common on any carburetor, however, those that have the new Amal Premier carburetors or Wassell Evolution carbs will have the liberty of fine tuning the pilot circuit by swapping out the "removable pilot jets"
Should you find yourself in this predicament I recommend that you keep reading our Tech Tip post..
What is a pilot jet?
A pilot jet is a circuit (or meter) that controls the flow rate of fuel that is drawn into your carburetor
Different size pilot jets can help you achieve a rich or lean condition
Not all Amal carbs have a removable pilot jet, in fact most original Amal Concentric carbs have a pressed in pilot jet that cannot be removed without some serious modifications..
How to adjust your pilot jet
Adjusting your pilot jet on a new Amal Premier Concentric carburetor is very simple
In fact, all you need is a flat head screw driver and a sense of how the motorcycle is “responding” to your current jetting and on going adjustments
The rule of thumb when adjusting the mixture screw is a “turn and a half out”
You must turn the adjusting screw all the way in until it stops, mark it’s current location then back out 1 1/2 turns
Remember a 1 1/2 turns out is a rule of thumb, you may have to adjust the screw (in or out) more to find its “sweet spot”
Rich & Lean conditions
There are 2 types of conditions when working with pilot jets (and all jets as well)
I like to throw in an extra condition that happens to be in-between lean and rich
This in-between mixture is ideal as an overly lean or rich condition can cause some serious issues
A rich condition in the pilot jet circuit usually offers a few different signs
- Wet / dark spark plugs
- Heavy running
- Poor throttle response
- Runs with air screw bottomed out
- Black unburnt fuel
A lean condition in the pilot jet circuit usually offers a few different signs as well
- Back firing and popping
- Hard to start
- Runs better when air screw is screwed all the way out
- White spark plugs
Rich & Lean solutions
Should you have a new Amal Premier carburetor the fix for a lean or rich condition on the pilot circuit is now easier than ever before
- Should you have a lean condition, you must install a larger pilot jet
- Should you have a rich condition, you must install a smaller pilot jet
Amal Premier pilot jets come in increments of 2..
- and so on..
Changing the pilot jet on a new Amal Premier or Wassell Evolution carburetor is quick and easy and allows you to fine tune your motorcycle like never before
Give and take
Perfect does not exists, however getting your pilot jet "close" is possible but there will be a sacrifice
You may find that your specific application may not like a #15 but runs "better" on a #17..
Often times when this happens you will have to find a pilot jet that makes the performance of your motorcycle "run best", from there you can adjust the mixture screw
Amal Premier pilot jet range
Here at Classic British Spares we stock a large range of Amal Premier pilot jets in all sizes
Each pilot jet is made and tested in England to ensure accurate metering
Should you need a range of pilot jets, please see the chart below and select the size you need for your given application:
|Amal Premier pilot jet (part #)||Sizes||Link|
|622/502-17||#17 (standard)||Click Here|
Thanks for reading
Hey guys, Kyle here!
I just wanted to say thank you for reading today's Tech Tip post
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Ride safe! - CBS